Carsten Burkhardt's Web Project Paeonia - The Peony Library

ano_finnland7 index 0602 boreas2

Paeonia-Literatur N


NagasawaH, IwabuchiT, InatomiH,1991,Protection by tree-peony (Paeonia suffruticosa Andr) of obesity in (SLN x C3H/He) F1 obese mice, In Vivo Mar-Apr;5(2):115-8



Nawaz H R A Malik, P M Khan, S Shujaat, A Rahman : A novel beta-glucuronidase inhibiting triterpenoid from Paeonia emodi ..CHEMICAL AND PHARMACEUTICAL BULLETIN 48(11):1771-1773 2001 [Summary: A novel beta-glucuronidase inhibiting triterpene (1) has been isolated from the chloroform fraction of Paeonia emodi beta-glucuronidase inhibit established ase chloroform fraction of Pa 11,beta,5alpha,23,24-pentahydroxy-30-norolean-12,20(29)-d ien-28-oic acid on the basis of spectroscopic analysis, including high resolution mass spectroscopy, one and two-dimensional NMR techniques. Oleanolic acid, betulinic acid, ethyl gallate, methyl grevillate and 1,5-dihydroxy-3-methylanthraquinone are also reported for the first time from Paeonia emodi.]


Nakai, T. 1909, Flora Koreana, pars prima. Journal of the Collège of Science, Impérial University of Tokyo, 26 : 35-37

Nakai, T. 1937, Notulae ad Plantas Asiae Orientalis (I), The Journal of Japanese Botany, 13 (6) : 393-395

NakaiT ,1949,Classes, ordines, families, familiae, subfamiliae, tribus, genera nova quae attinent ad plantes Koreanas,Journ Jap Bot 24, 8-14


NakamuraT , NomotoN,1981,Cytological Studies in the Family Paeoniaceae I The Karyotypes and Trabants in some Species of the Genus Paeonia in Japan,Kromosoma II, 24: 713-721

NakamuraT , NomotoN,1982,Cytological Studies in the family Paeoniaceae II C-banding patterns of somatic chromosomes,Chromsoma Inform Service N32 p9-11


Nakata M., Hong D. Y. (1991) Fluorescent chromosome banding with chromomycin A3 and DAPI in Paeonia japonica and P. obovata. Chromosome Information Service 50: 19-21.


NakazawaK, FujimoriK, InoueK ,1989,[Effects of extract from a herbal drug, cnidium rhizome (senkyu), on contraction, heart rates and membrane potentials of isolated guinea pig atria][,Yakugaku Zasshi 1989 Sep;109(9):662-71


Nasir, Y.R. (1978) Paeoniaceae. facs. 121 in: Nasir, E. & Ali, S.I. (1970 - ) Flora of West Pakistan . (sponsored by US Dept. of Agriculture), distributed by Dept. of Botany, University of Karachi, published in fascicles. Islamabad, Agricultural Research Council.


National Library of Medicine : (summaries of scientific papers): (Sang etc.) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov:80/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Link&db=PubMed&dbFrom=PubMed&from_uid=9335140


NazaovaTM,1987,Uskorennoje razmnozhenije pionov, metod podrezki,Zvetovodstvo No4


Needham, J. in collaboration with Chinese Authors , 1986, Science & Civilisation in China. Vol. 6 part 1: Botany. Cambridge Univerity Press. 0.521.08731.7



Ne'eman G. (Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Science Education, University of Haifa-Oranim, Tivon 36006, Israel) To be or not to be-the effect of nature conservation management on flowering of Paeonia mascula (L.) Miller in Israel Biological Conservation, January 2003, vol. 109, no. 1, pp. 103-109(7) Publisher: Elsevier Science DOI: 10.1016/S0006-3207(02)00143-X


Nehrling, Arno. 1960 Peonies, outdoors and in, by Arno & Irene Nehrling. Drawings by Charlotte E. Bowden. New York, Hearthside Press 288 p. illus. 21 cm.

Nehrling, Arno.1975 Peonies, outdoors and in , by Arno and Irene Nehrling ; with drawings by Charlotte E. Bowden. New York : Dover 270 p. illus. 21 cm.ISBN 0486232298


Neilreich, August, * 12. 12. 1803 Wien, † 1. 6. 1871 ebenda, Botaniker, ursprünglich Jurist. Widmete sich vor allem der botanischen Erforschung der österreichischen Flora. Mehrere Pflanzenarten (Nelke, Hauswurz) wurden nach ihm benannt. Werke: Die Flora von Wien, 1846; Flora in Niederösterreich, 2 Bände, 1859/66.

Neilreich, A, 1866 Aufzählung der in Ungarn and Slavonien Gefässpfl. 246

Neilreich, A, (1803-1871) Diagnosen der in Ungarn und Slavonien bisher beobachteten Gefässpflanzen welche in Koch's Synopsis nicht enthalten sind... Wien: W. Braumuller, 1867.

Neilreich, A, 1861, Nachträge zu Maly's Enumeratio plantarum phanerogamicarum Imperii austriaci universi... Wien: W. Braumuller, 1861.


Neilreich, A. (1868): Die Vegetationsverhltnisse von Kroatien. 168 p. Wien.

Neilreich, A, 1876 Augzahl, Nachter, 70 .


Nemirovich-Danchenko, E.N. 1979, [Flowering and Pollination of peonies introduced in the Leningrad district] Bot. Zhurn. 64 (8) : 1139 –1146 - Illus


Neubert's,1893 , Deutsch. Gart. Mag. 46, 386, c. fig. .


Nicholls Gardens,1998,Catalog,4724 Angus Drive Gainesville, VA 20155 USA


Nichols Arboretum Peony Collection on the web: http://www.umich.edu/~snrewww/arb/peontab.html

Peony History and Horticulture http://www.umich.edu/~snrewww/arb/arbpeon.html


NikolajenkoNP,1958,O podzemnykh tchastjakh piona,Zvetovotstvo No6:24-25

[ Über die unterirdischen Teile von Paeonia}


Nikolaeva, L.P. (1982) in Gejdeman, T.S. & al., Redkie vidy flory Moldavii (espèces rares de la flore de Moldavie): 77-78, carte 21, Akademija nauk Moldavskoj S.S.R., Chisinau


Nishida S, Kikuichi S, Yoshioka S, Tsubaki M, Fujii Y, Matsuda H, Kubo M, Irimajiri K. Induction of apoptosis in HL-60 cells treated with medicinal herbs. Am J Chin Med. 2003;31(4):551-62 [Abstract: In order to develop a new apoptosis inducer, we screened 22 crude drugs for their apoptosis-inducing activity. It was found that Glycyrrhiza uralensis, Cynomorium songaricum, Eucommia ulmoides, Phellodendron amurense, Cinnamomum cassia and Paeonia lactiflora induced the death of HL-60 cells. To investigate the mechanism of apoptosis induced by these six crude drugs, the mitochondrial transmembrane potential and the activity of caspase-3 were measured. Reduced mitochondrial transmembrane potentials within 12 hours after the administration of Glycyrrhiza uralensis, Cynomorium songaricum, Phellodendron amurense and Paeonia lactiflora, and within 24 hours after the administration of Eucommia ulmoides and Cinnamomum cassia were observed. All of the six apoptosis-inducing crude drugs increased caspase-3 activity within 12-36 hours after administration. After further examining the apoptosis-inducing activity of berberine, palmatine, panelofuroline and glycyrrhizin, which were the ingredients obtained from Phellodendron amurense, Glycyrrhiza uralensis and Paeonia lactiflora, it was found that only berberine could induce apoptosis. From these results, it was concluded that the apoptosis induced by the six crude drugs (Glycyrrhiza uralensis, Cynomorium songaricum, Eucommia ulmoides, Phellodendron amurense, Cinnamomum cassia and Paeonia lactiflora) occurred via the mitochondrial route and that the apoptosis-conducting mechanism acted through a cascade involving caspase-3.] Kinki University School of Pharmaceutical Sciences 3-4-1 Kowakae, Higashiosaka, Osaka 577-8502, Japan. nishida@phar.kindai.ac.jp


Nishihara, M. Ito, I. Tanaka, M. Kyo, K. Ono, K. Irifune, and H. Morikawa, Expression of the [beta]-Glucuronidase Gene in Pollen of Lily (Lilium longiflorum), Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum), Nicotiana rustica, and Peony (Paeonia lactiflora) by Particle Bombardment. Plant Physiol. 1993 June; 102(2): 357–361. [Abstract : A [beta]-glucuronidase (GUS) gene that is under the control of the anther-specific LAT52 promoter of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) and the nopaline synthetase polyadenylation terminator was successfully expressed in pollen of Lilium longiflorum, Nicotiana tabacum, Nicotiana rustica, and Paeonia lactiflora using a pneumatic particle gun. The GUS gene in plasmid pBI221 was also expressed, to a lesser extent, in pollen of all of these species. The presence of methanol in the substrate solution for histochemical GUS assay and the incubation time in this solution influenced successful detection of GUS expression in bombarded pollen. Cytological analysis of GUS-expressing pollen of lily showed that introduced gold particles were seen in intracellular compartments of pollen, including the vegetative cytoplasm, vegetative nucleus, and generative cytoplasm.] Department of Gene Sciences, Faculty of Science, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima 724, Japan (M.N., K.I., H.M.).


Nishikawa T. (1985) Chromosome counts of flowering plants of Hokkaido (8). J. Hokkaido Univ Educ. Sect. 2B.35: 97-111.


Niu Xiu 1684 Statements on Bozhou Peony


Nottle, T. 1989, Paeonia cambessedesii. Australian Garden Journal. Vol. 8. No. 6: 253


Nowak,J; Chen Xiuhua. 1990. Long-term storage of bud-cut peonies. Acta Hort. Sinica, 17/2. 149-152.


Nukhimovsky, E.L. & Nukhimovskaya, Yu D. (1978) Ecologitcheskaia morfologiia nekotorykh lekarstvennykh rastenij v estestvennykh usloviiakh ikh prozrastaniia 5- Paeonia anomala L. (morphologie écologique de certaines plantes médicinales sous les conditions naturelles de croissance 5- Paeonia anomala L.) Rastiteljnye Resursy, 14 (3): 347-355


Nuttall — Thomas Nuttall, 1786-1859, U.S.A.

Nuttall ,1838,californica,Flora of North America 1,41


Nyárádi A, 1953 , Paeonia in: Sãvulescu, T:,Flora Rep Pop Romane 2:203,675 pl63 fig2 :


Nykvist, S, Stenport, B., En introduktion till pioner, 20 pages, STA Stockholm 1990


Nylandt, P. De Nederlandtse Herbarius of Kruydt-boeck, beschryvende de Geslachten/ Gedaente/ Plaetse/ Tyt/ Oeffeningh/ Aert/ Krachten/ en medicinael gebruyck van allerhande Boomen/ Heesteren/ Boom-gewassen/ Kruyden en Planten/ die in de Nederlanden in 't wilde gevonden/ ende in de Hoven onderhouden worden. Amsterdam, Wed. van M. de Groot, 1682.


Nyman, C.F. (1878) Conspectus Florae Europaeae, pars 1 : 21-22, Örebrö, Sweden


Carsten Burkhardt's Web Project Paeonia - The Peony Library

ano_finnland7 index 0602 boreas2

Paeonia-Literatur N